DIEP Flap Breast Reconstruction
DIEP flap stands for Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator flap, and is a variation of the TRAM flap which does not sacrifice the rectus muscle while still using the abdominal skin and flap. This is a ‘microsurgical’ procedure which carries the risk of total flap failure. It requires a specialized surgery setup and surgical microscope. This is in effect a transplant of tissue from the abdomen to the breast.
Latissimus Dorsi Flap Breast Reconstruction
Latissimus Dorsi is the back muscle that gives you the V shape on your posterior. It is used together with an implant to provide healthy muscle and skin used to cover the implant breast reconstruction. Dr. Martin uses this option in patients who had radiation therapy to their breasts because it allows him to use healthy, non-irradiated skin and muscle to cover the chest.
Gluteal Flap Breast Reconstruction
A gluetal flap, which use tissue from the buttocks, is probably the most surgically complicated breast reconstruction option and has several limitations. This is the flap of last resort for many breast reconstruction surgeons.
Microsurgery is a sub-specialty of Reconstructive Surgery which incorporates the use of a microscope in order to facilitate repair on a microscopic level. Replanting amputated body parts and transplanting healthy tissues to reconstruct wounds requires that these tissues have their blood vessels repaired to reinstate healthy blood flow into these amputated or transplanted body parts. Since these blood vessels can be one millimeter or less in diameter, the use of a microscope and exceptionally steady hands are essential for any successful surgery.FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT BREAST CANCER RECONSTRUCTION SCHEDULE YOUR CONSULTATION AT 416-834-6640 or email us at [email protected]